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Fabrication of A1N Coatings by Reactive Atmospheric Plasma Spray Nitriding of Al Powders

Time:2012-08-14 20:45:20  From:Materials transactions   Author:Mohammed Shahien ;Motohiro Yam

Fabrication of A1N Coatings by Reactive Atmospheric Plasma Spray Nitriding of Al Powders    
Materials transactions  
Mohammed Shahien ;Motohiro Yamada ;Toshiaki Yasui
Atmospheric Plasma Spray (APS) is well-established process and is widely used to produce various coatings with high deposition rate for structural and functional applications. Aluminum nitride is a promising material due to its outstanding properties. In this study, A1N coatings were synthesized by APS process through reactive plasma nitriding of Al powders by nitrogen plasma. Al powders were supplied into the plasma stream by Ar carrier gas and reacted with the surrounding plasma, then were deposited onto substrate. The obtained coatings were cubic-AlN/Al mixture with 100 pm of thickness at 150 mm of spray distance. Since the nitride content increases gradually with spray distance, the coating almost consists of A1N at 300 mm. However, the thickness of the coatings decreased with increasing spray distance, it was less than 10 μm at 300 mm spray distance. The nitriding reaction was investigated and it indicated that Al particles may react during flight and after deposition on the substrate surface. Completing the nitriding during flight (formation of A1N in-flight) decreases the coatings thickness. We can conclude that enhancing the nitriding reaction after deposition at short spray distance may enable to fabricate thick A1N based coatings.


keywords:atmospheric plasma spray  reactive nitriding  cubic aluminum nitride  spray distance


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